Microsoft’s .NET, or ASP.NET framework, is a software designed for developing and executing applications on Windows operating systems. Though .NET can and does support connectivity with non-Windows systems, it provides features and functionalities that were specifically designed for running and creating applications on the Windows platform. Java, on the other hand, refers to a set of programs and standards, or a “programming language,” that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Whereas .NET is designed to run on Microsoft platforms, Java is designed to run on all types of systems. Some people argue that one is better than the other, but the truth is that both come with their merits and pitfalls. Which is right for you really all depends on your needs and budget.
Similarities Between Java and .NET
Both Java and .NET have good intentions, as both were developed to provide a set of uniform and flexible services and components. These standardized and flexible services allow web developers to concentrate on the fluctuating needs of a business rather than having to constantly reprogram applications as new hiccups arise. This type of simplified programming is often called Rapid Application Development (RAD) and is possible with both Java and ASP.NET development.
Aside from both types of applications having good intentions, the two programs have additional similarities. For one, both offer tools and methods to achieve enterprise application development. C#, which is a .NET application, and C and C++, are all object orientated and type safe, and each allows for automatic garbage collection. Both Java and .NET also extend a customary way of performing tasks, such as scripting web pages, connecting remote resources, accessing databases, and handling messages. Additionally, both provide enhanced abilities to integrate and develop web applications, thereby making those applications capable of doing more on more platforms.
Another similarity between the two is that each was created to allow programmers to build multi-tiered web applications. The standard structure consists of a server tier, client tier, and database tier, which both .NET and Java are capable of creating.
Similarities Between Java and .NET
Though Java and .NET have many similarities, they do have core differences that make them unique and that compel developers to prefer one over the other. For one, .NET is primarily developed for use on Microsoft systems, whereas Java is designed to run on multiple different platforms without having to be rewritten.
Another major difference is that ASP.NET is a proprietary Framework that does not rely on third-party vendors for implementation. It is also free. Numerous vendors, however, provide Java, a fact that comes with both pitfalls and benefits. On the one hand, the competition means that Java is not free. However, the competition also means that countless developers are working to provide better versions for users, which means Java users can often cut development time in half. Microsoft users, on the other hand, must wait for Microsoft to release the next phase of .NET before they can speed up production.
That said, because .NET is a proprietary framework, it comes with everything a user needs to develop, build, debug, and deploy any application. Java does not come with a similar toolbox.
Java and .NET come with equal but differing benefits. For this reason, before you invest in either, it is important that you do your research and determine which is truly best for you.